HRD

HertzsprungRussell diagram

Stellar evolution Relation
Hertzsprung–Russell diagram

A scatter plot of stars showing the relationship between the stars' absolute magnitudes or luminosities versus their stellar classifications

The Hertzsprung–Russell diagram, abbreviated as H–R diagram, HR diagram or HRD, is a scatter plot of stars showing the relationship between the stars' absolute magnitudes or luminosities versus their stellar classifications or effective temperatures. The diagram was created independently in around 1910 by Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell, and represented a major step towards an understanding of stellar evolution.

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